In the context of women, the fact that the barriers to greater independence and stratified than men. One of the few that still make women not independent until this moment is the number of gender injustice that happened.
According to Mansour Faqih it is manifested in five shapes. Violence (violence) in social life, negative labeling (stereotypes) in cultural life, penomerduaan (sub-ordination) in political life, impoverishment (marginalization) in economic life and the double burden (double burden) in family life. Instead of having free choice, that there is an oppressive exploitation of women.
Balenky et al distinguishes five stages / category epistomologis female perspective, the silence (silence), knowledge received (received knowledge), knowledge subjectively (subyective knowledge), procedural knowledge (procedural knowledge) and knowledge are constructed (constructed knowledge) (Tita Seagull , 2000: 538).
Not a few women who are still in the category of silence. In this stage the women are silent knower, passive, reactive and subject to the authority figure in the ruling and dominant view. That is, women will receive the prevailing stereotypes in society and conserved by culture.
All did not fall in the empty space, the unfavorable position of women has been designed and perpetuated for years, from regime to regime. In fact,in the beginning- the text of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), when referring to the subject of human rights does not use the word "all human being" (everyone), "everyone" (everyone) and "no one" (but with the term "all men "(all male)," every man "(every man)," and "no men" (not a man too).
The concept of thinking that women are the second class persons, already deeply rooted in people's lives. Be very reasonable, if it appears stereotypes cornering (misogynist) women. Furthermore, if there are women who demanded the right to existence as a human-is certainly no unwillingness and fear of loss of power or domination of men over women.
In the context of Indonesia, a country that has ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women in Law No. 7 in 1984(UU No 7/1984) and declared its commitment to participate in implementing one of the critical areas contained in the Beijing Declaration of 1995, in the form of a guarantee for the access of women to participate in decision-making institutions still treat women as limited to "charity" rather than a "political will". Countries have adopted the concept of patriarchy which legitimized by religion, customs and traditions in the form of state policy.
I remember the wise words of a French feminist, Anne Leclerc: "I never understood my partiality to women as a declaration of war against men".
Yes, at least it can make us aware that - to borrow a phrase from Tari Siwi Utami- needed goodwill on both sides (men and The women) coupled to each other in a relationship of equality and partnership without gender bias. For the improvement of the lot of women who constitute half of the world population and the mother of the other half.